Monday, September 26, 2016

First thing we do, let’s kill all the regulators!

Jonathan Foxx
Managing Director
Lenders Compliance Group

“First thing we do, let’s kill all the regulators!”

Actually, Shakespeare's exact line is ''The first thing we do, let's kill all the lawyers.''

This famous exhortation was stated by Dick the Butcher in Henry VI. Dick the Butcher was a follower of the rebel Jack Cade, who thought that if he disturbed law and order, he could become the king. So, carrying out the inference, Shakespeare was suggesting that if the rebels kill all the lawyers law and order would be destroyed and he, Jack Cade, could become king. This incitement was not a denigration of lawyers, but a veiled homage to them!

In my recent article, Wells Fargo, A Predator’s Tale, I wrote about how the lack of systemic accountability is at the core of illegal banking practices. Since the news broke of Wells Fargo’s financial debauchery, there has been no dearth of eschewing the encumbrance of blame.

The circular firing squad has begun! Let us count the ways.

·         Damned if you do. Damned if you don’t.
o   Politicians who want to dismantle the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau blame it for not going after Wells Fargo sooner.

·         Proof of the pudding is in the eating.
o   Politicians who want to strengthen the CFPB declare its virtues for having gone aggressively after a Too Big To Fail bank.

·         Fix the problem. Not the blame. (Sort of!)
o   Fire 5,300 low level employees – problem supposedly fixed – but management and compliance personnel remain largely unscathed and fully employed.

·         The devil made me do it!
o   Many of the fired 5,300 low level employees accuse management’s excessive sales demands for causing them to commit fraud in the service of performance goals.

·         Rock the ramparts!
o   Castigate the regulators for purportedly failing to find violations in examinations and then only belatedly pursuing enforcement.

·        Quis custodiet ipsos custodies? - pace Juvenal
 (Who will guard the guards themselves?)
o   Compliance department could not possibly have not known about the violations, but apparently nobody was overseeing the compliance department, at least not with compelling oversight.

This scam began as a result of a whistleblower. Then an investigation ensued, triggered by the whistleblower’s information. Shortly after the investigation began, the dark swindle leaked into the news – back in 2013! However, the fraud itself traces its sorry history to 2011.

Or to be precise, Wells Fargo began firing employees in 2011, the Los Angeles Times ran stories on the spurious practices in 2013, and the Los Angeles City Attorney filed his lawsuit against the bank in May 2015.

But why did the regulators not discover the violation? At this point, it appears that they missed it! Is that really possible? Maybe this was a resource issue. Somehow, I don’t think a resource issue caused the violation, if you consider that in 2015 Wells Fargo was the world's second largest bank by market capitalization and the third largest bank in the U.S. by assets. Let’s give them that for the moment! Let’s just assume it was a resource issue. Even so, that assumption would kind of lead to a big crack in the fault lines, a steep ravine in the culpability abyss, a chasmal canyon filled with unrequited expectations, a wobbly thread dangling from the drooping rafters of safety and soundness; for, practically speaking, it sure does seem that the examiners did not review the merely trifling routine details of opening new accounts.

Monday, September 12, 2016

Wells Fargo, A Predator’s Tale

Managing Director
Lenders Compliance Group

It seems it all comes down to money, sooner or later. Anthropologists have long known that we are a predatory species. Our laws and rules are meant not as guides to decent behavior but to keep our primal instincts in check. And where money is involved, the rapacious and ravening impulse to plunder, pillage, covet and steal is fully aroused.

By now you have heard about Wells Fargo’s unrestrained, pitiless rampaging over the laws meant to protect consumers from financial predation. Is Wells Fargo the only company that has preyed on consumers? We all know deep down that this is a case of breaking rule number one: don’t get caught! Most of us do our best to abide by the vast network of mortgage acts and practices. We want to abide by the law because we respect the law and respect one another. Yet is Wells Fargo no more than an outlier? An edacious eccentricity of deviance?

Will Wells Fargo paying $185 million to settle allegations of “widespread illegal practices” stop depredation? Will it even slow it down? 

Employees of Wells Fargo secretly opened 2,000,000 unauthorized deposit and credit card accounts in order to meet sales targets and receive bonuses.

Pressure points: Sales targets and bonuses. Now those are familiar carrots and sticks!

Will throwing monetary penalties at the problem make it go away? Will money paid for violations solve the problem of money illicitly taken by a marauding horde of 5,300 Wells Fargo employees? The violations in this instance brought about a $100 million fine from the CFPB, a $35 million fine from the OCC, and a $50 million fine from the City and County of Los Angeles. $185 million sure seems like a lot of money. You tell me. Last year, Wells Fargo had net interest income of $45 billion – meaning that the monetary penalty is .0411% of the total, based on using the foregoing metric. I can use many other metrics and the ratio does not improve. I think you get it.

And then there’s this quirkiness of legal maneuvering to avoid larger fines, stay out of or get out of court, avoid certain onerous litigation, and let it all just dissipate from public view and memory: agree to a settlement without admitting or denying wrongdoing. Yet, without admitting or denying wrongdoing, the bank gets to unabashedly make this statement: “We regret and take responsibility for any instances where customers may have received a product that they did not request.” Note the weasel word, “may,” on which the whole statement rests.

Settlements are a fact of life. I doubt that anybody would reasonably dispute the value of settlements as a tool toward bringing about a resolution between litigating parties. However, there is that distressing, oppressive, and vexatious issue of accountability. Being provably culpable for a capital offense, for instance, usually sends people to jail. Being provably culpable for conning and swindling people usually gets people sent to the clink. Being provably culpable for fraud usually has people on a lockup line. Being provably culpable leads to a monetary settlement, neither admitting or denying wrongdoing, for an “incentive compensation program and plans [that] … fostered the unsafe or unsound sales practices … and pressured bank employees to sell bank products not authorized by the customer.”

Pressure points.

Blame the employees for doing what the company’s culture expected of them!

Yet even though this army of plundering bandits preyed on unsuspecting consumers, Wells Fargo pays a puny fine relative to its assets and skips away, unsullied by admissions of wrongdoing.

We should not jettison notions of checking predatory instincts by regulations, even when it all comes down to notions of just misbehaving and trifling monetary fines for being merely disobedient. In my view, this is where compliance situates its most important role. It is in the interstitial space between the boundaries of regulatory rules and instinctual reflexes that compliance is the first line of defense, ensuring that the social fabric of society, so deeply enmeshed in the interests of money, is kept intact. 

Compliance may unearth systemic defects, but it cannot rectify the inadequacy of systemic accountability.